Pad vs. Tube? How Did Dr. Rife’s Instruments Work?

A History Of Rife’s Instruments And Frequencies

Updated: May 2006

   Since the first writing of this article more information has come to light (John Marsh’s papers & tapes) that made it so we had to correct the major errors that were in it.  We believe that this new documented information will finally answer these questions:  who found the audio frequencies and what instruments used them? And what frequencies were Dr. Rife’s true M.O.R.s? When new information is received that sheds greater light on Dr. Rife and the history of those who worked with him then it becomes necessary to update this article.  

   In this article we will examine the way Dr. Rife’s instruments worked.  We will look at the evidence by quoting the sources such as Dr. Rife, John Crane, John Marsh, Dr. Couche, Dr. Lara, Dr. Stafford and Bertrand L. Comperet, Rife’s attorney in the 1938 Beam Ray Corporation trial, and later John Crane’s attorney for Life Labs’ trial in 1961.  Hopefully anyone who reads this article will have a better understanding  about Dr. Rife and the methods he used. Our goal is to try to give people information so that they can make a more informed decision.  We have tried to explain in laymen’s terms so that anyone can understand.  We hope this will be helpful.

What is a ray tube and how does it work?

   Dr. Rife used a ray tube with his instruments.  A ray tube was made out of glass, quartz or Pyrex and was filled with a noble gas or a mixture of noble gases.  Dr. Rife used different mixtures of gases but finally ended up using helium.  He stated:

  • Rife: “We have experimented with various inert gases and we found that helium stood up by the bombardment better than any of the other gases.  That’s why we use it.  We don’t care about the color or anything of that sort. It stood up better over many more hours of bombardment than the argon and the crypton and those different gases that we tried.”  (John Marsh collection - Gonin and Siner papers pages 25 & 26. www.rife.org)

   The ray tube was connected to the instrument by two wires.  These wires were connected to two round metal bars that went into the glass tube and had round disks connected to their ends. One disk was straight and the other one was on a 45 degree angle.  This gave it a directional effect towards the patient.  Dr. Rife stated that the ray tube was “a directional antenna”.  Because the scientific technology behind ray tubes had already been perfected, Rife worked with that technology and only had to make some adjustments for it to work the way he wanted it to.  Bertrand L. Comperet, Rife’s attorney, stated in an interview:

  • Comperet: “Now, the original instrument had a tube, like an X-ray tube.  That was the way in which Rife developed it.  You see, all the X-ray work necessarily was done with a beam projected from a tube.  So, Rife worked on the same basis.”  (Comperet interview papers - 1970’s)

   There are limitations to ray tubes that need to be understood.  It has to do with the laws of physics.  Ray tubes when properly tuned are very efficient.  About 95% of the energy that you put into a ray tube comes out.  Dr. Rife’s instruments put out about 50 to 60 watts to the ray tube.  This means about 50 watts came out of the ray tube.  You have to divide the 50 watts that come out of the ray tube by four (because of the laws of physics on signal loss) for every foot that you move away from the ray tube.  So at one foot away from the ray tube you only have 12.5 watts.  At two feet you only have 3.125 watts and at 3 feet you only have about .78 of a watt.  This is important to understand because Rife and the doctors that used his equipment put the ray tube within a few inches of the patient’s body.  Dr. Couche said that he would sometimes touch the body of the patient in the area that needed to be treated.  Dr. Robert P. Stafford said when we asked him, that when he treated cancer patients he would put the ray tube within a few inches of the body and treat a 6 inch square area.  He would move the ray tube up and down and back and forth so that the whole 6 inch area was treated.  He said that he did this because of the way the phanotron ray tube worked.  The design of a phanotron ray tube makes it partially directional and concentrates its energy or power into a small area.  With the power loss from the ray tube it is easy to understand why Dr. Stafford, Dr. Couch, Dr. Rife and the other doctors used the ray tube right next to the body.

   We have built an AZ-58 ray tube instrument (a 1950’s Rife instrument made by Life Labs) from schematics that are on Stan Truman’s site, http://www.rife.org, under AZ-58 research information.  This instrument is almost the same as the original 1930’s Beam Ray instrument built by Philip Hoyland found at http://www.scoon.co.uk/Electrotherapy/Rife/BeamRay/index.htm, except it doesn’t have any harmonics in the carrier frequency and it uses square wave audio frequencies.  We tested the AZ-58 for penetration and found that at about 32 inches from the body full penetration of the frequency emitted from the ray tube was lost.  From the tests made, it takes at least 1.25 watts to penetrate all the way through the body.

   We are not trying to upset or offend any manufacturers of ray tube instruments but the laws of physics must be understood no matter how much we may dislike it.  With this said, many ray tube instruments built today recommend that you stay from 3 to 6 feet away from the ray tube.  These instruments put out about 125 to 250 watts into the ray tube. With 125 watts you only get 31.25 watts to the body at one foot.  If one sits 3 to 6 feet away from the ray tube then, according to the laws of physics, there may not be enough power to fully penetrate the body.  Since Dr. Rife always tested his instruments for penetration, and used the ray tube right next to the body, I believe he understood these limitations.  Some use a long cylinder type ray tube that stands straight up or lays down sideways.  These put out in 360 degrees with no directional effect and are called omni-directional.  This means that the 125 watts that come out of the ray tube are spread out in 360 degrees.  With the energy spread out in 360 degrees at a distance of 3 to 6 feet away, one can see that by the laws of physics the power penetrating the body is minimal.  We are not questioning the effectiveness of ray tubes, just the distance in relation to the power loss.  We are not doubting that there may be physiologic effects from ray tubes at  a great distance (50 to 100 feet) but the real question is can the frequency fully penetrate the body and kill an organism at that distance?  

What power levels did Dr. Rife use?

   Dr. Rife’s #4 instrument and the instrument built by Beam Ray Corporation of the 1930’s and Life Labs of the 1950’s put about 50 to 60 watts into the ray tube.  Because some of Dr. Rife’s information about instrument power levels is confusing, most of us have thought that Dr. Rife’s instruments put out 400 to 600 watts to the ray tube but new information show this is not correct.  The problem has been that the people who wrote down this information were incorrectly giving the power usage of Rife’s instruments as the output power.  Dr. Rife’s instruments used 400 to 600 watts but they only put out about 50 to 60 watts to the ray tube.  When the 1930’s Beam Ray Corporation instrument power levels were measured, it showed that they used about 450 watts and output about 50 watts to the ray tube. When measured, the AZ-58 1950’s instrument used about the same 450 watts but output about 60 watts to the ray tube.  In the paper “Development of the Rife Ray and use in devitalizing of pathogenic micro-organisms” it states:  “The frequencies were generated by a tube oscillator with many stages of amplification, the final stage being a 50 watt output tube.”  Now this output tube should not be confused with the ray tube.  These are the old tubes used in radios and televisions.  The main output tube in the AZ-58 is an 812A tube that is rated at 85 watts.  You can get more power out of it but you will also shorten your tube life.  The 1930’s Beam Ray instruments used a similar tube with about the same power output.

   The important thing to understand is that Dr. Rife’s instruments did not put out any more power than about 60 watts to the ray tube.  When Dr. Rife, Crane and Marsh were working on sea water conversion and used frequencies in that process, they boosted the output power in the instrument.  Concerning that instrument and some 1930’s Beam Ray instruments that Dr. Yale had increased the power level on Rife said the following:

  • RIFE: “Now this outfit here - the way we have it boosted up here now with an extreme lot of power behind the actual output that is coming out of the thing...I wouldn’t want to use this - or I wouldn’t want to use this instrument here the way it is souped up there for this salt water proposition to treat a patient with.”

  • GONIN: “No.”

  • RIFE: “You can get beyond the limit.”

  • GONIN: “Yes, quite.”

  • CRANE: “That’s what Dr. Yale did. You see, he stepped it up and up and up…”

  • RIFE: “When Vern Thompson used to go down there and take care of Yale’s machines - when he began stepping them up and so...where you get up into that extreme power…oh yes, that is not good. With the power that is in these [50 to 60 watts], there is absolutely no harm because I had my microscope here - I had my tube [ray tube] right here in front of it - oh, about 11 or 12 inches away from the slide in the microscope and here I was with this thing all around like that and that tube going here and my specimens and the microscope year after year tuning that thing and it never harmed me any.”  (John Marsh collection - Gonin papers pages 2 & 3. www.rife.org)

   Dr. Yale’s Beam Ray instruments were putting out a lot more power than Dr. Rife felt was safe. If Yale’s instruments were made to put out the maximum power that the main output tube could produce then they probably were putting out around 100 watts.  It may be that Dr. Rife was just over cautious but we believe his statement should be considered when one looks at power levels of 100 to 300 watts.  These kind of power levels are not necessary if a phanotron tube is used.

Is it necessary to use a ray tube to put out the frequencies?

   It’s amazing how many people think unless it has a ray tube it is not Rife!  We will now take a look at the evidence that a pad instrument works just as well as a ray tube instrument.  In some cases, because of the electrical stimulation like a tens instrument, they may even work better than a ray tube on some conditions.

  • Rife: “But the principle of this thing is basically built on a coordinative vibration.  Just like one tuning fork pitched to the C.  Another one here—you strike this one and this one vibrates.” 

  • Dr. Lara: “What kind of vibration is it?  Electromagnetic vibration?” 

  • Rife: “We won’t say magnetic, we will say electronic frequency vibration.  The same as put out on a broadcasting station for the radio.  The same thing you know, only it’s transmitted into a tube.  And the tube acts as a partial directional antenna you see.”  (John Marsh Rife CDs - CD 6 track 2)

In the John Marsh papers describing his trip to Ohio we read a statement made by Dr. Rife:

  • Rife: “You know we had an idea when we had our Clinic in La Jolla, of course that was battery and motor generator operated that set, you know, and boy it would sure raise the devil with all the radios so we had a couple of cars that was equipped with car radios and we sent them out and we would take the switch of that thing, and had a code you know like an S.O.S., and one of them went up north, and one of them went south from La Jolla.  Before we started in we wanted to see how far we were going to disturb things with it you know, and incidentally we had it in a steel room, a steel lined vault about this size at the old Ellen Scripp’s home.  It was the vault in the library of the Scripp’s home where they kept their valuable manuscripts and books in all steel lined and a door on it like a safe.  We had the thing inside of that too, but it didn’t make much difference, but we started in, and one car lost the pick up on top of Torry Pines, and the other one half ways through Mission Beach picked it up, and then they could go a hundred feet and lose and then they would have to pick it up again.  Old Henry [Henry Siner] the boy that was with us out there, one of the lab boys, boy he went up in the air.  He says, “By God” he says “look, we’re going to fix them up right.  At two o’clock we’ll hook this up to a big radio station, a big transmitting station, and at two o’clock next week we’ll broadcast for tuberculosis, and at half past three the week after we will broadcast for cancer, and everybody at the radio will pick it up”.  See, boy I said Henry that really is an idea.”  (John Marsh collection - Trip to Ohio papers page 7. www.rife.org)

   Dr. Rife understood that the frequencies could be broadcast by a radio station if it had enough power.  Metal antennas are just as efficient as a ray tube.  When John Crane and John Marsh, two of Dr. Rife’s business partners in the 1950’s, came to understand this they eliminated the ray tube and used pads or hand cylinders to apply the frequencies.  The pads and hand cylinders work just like an antenna except you do not use too much power so that they are safe to use.  The body also becomes an antenna when you hold the hand cylinders or use the pads and this is why pad instruments work. Comperet stated this in his interview:

  • Comperet: “Now, Crane said “Well now look, Rife himself admits that no matter how much tube and ray ,and so on, you have, you can’t get any results unless you’ve got the right frequency.  Therefore the real clue to the thing is the frequency and not the means by which you deliver it.” 

Comperet also said:

  • Comperet: “Well, Crane originally was, with more modern techniques, duplicating the Rife machine, tube and all for early experiments.  And, as I say, he came to the conclusion that you just weren’t getting anything additional by the use of the tube.  If you didn’t get the frequency, you could run the rest of it indefinitely and nothing happened.  So, what Crane did, he got an audio frequency generator.  Now, you could make them up yourself by an awful lot of work, or you could buy a Heathkit audio frequency generator and get all the same results with a lot less time and effort.  So he was using these Heathkit generators.  Now, instead of a beam projected from a tube, a ray, he simply had two wires.  I think they were aluminum knobs on the end of them, which would be used.  They would be put on the body in such a position that the natural flow of the current from one to the other would go through the diseased area, and he got astonishing results.”  (Comperet interview papers - 1970’s) 

   These pads or hand cylinders act just like an antenna when in contact with the body.  But only if you have an RF carrier frequency.  Without an RF carrier frequency the audio frequencies will only go through the connective tissue and not the cell.  Without the RF carrier they still work well and are a lot like a tens machine.  We will cover these audio frequencies and a carrier frequency later in this article.

   Some have thought that it was the light from the ray tube that made it work.  But the evidence doesn’t seem to support that either because in the Gonin papers of John Marsh Dr. Rife said this in regards to the light that came from the ray tube:

  • Rife: “We don’t care about the color or anything of that sort.”  (John Marsh collection - Gonin papers page 25. www.rife.org)

Dr. Couche, when he visited Rife’s lab with some other men, said: 

  • Dr. Couche: “There was fifteen inches of concrete on the floor so as to stop any earthquake shocks from interfering with his work.  And in his laboratory upon the ground floor he had a microscope with a slide on it that this group of people and myself looked at.  And this was not stained, there was no killing of the bacteria on it.  It was just a fresh culture of the colon bacillus…..Well we all went down under the stairs into the cellar right immediately under the microscope upon the floor above us and the Rife machine was down in underneath there under the culture in the cellar probably I suppose about ten feet away, eight or ten feet away.  And he turned the machine on and gave it less than a half minute’s frequency for the colon bacillus...Then he turned the machine off and we all came upstairs and waited for ten or fifteen minutes.  And presently he came back to his microscope and he said, “Well gentlemen come and look at the slide now.”  Well to my astonishment the bacilli all had been killed and they were all stacked up on the slide.”  (John Marsh Rife CDs - CD 3 track 1)  

   There is no possible way the light from the ray tube could have penetrated that fifteen inch concrete floor.  It is obvious that the light didn’t make any difference but that it was the frequencies that were broadcast through the ray tube.  It is easy to see that there is more than one way to deliver the frequencies.  The ray tube could be easily replaced with metal hand cylinders and foot pads.  Pad instruments come in contact with the body.  With an RF carrier they turn the body into an antenna and work on the same principle as a metal antenna or ray tube.  People have been using pad instruments without an RF carrier for almost 45 years now and have had good results.  But to work the way the ray tube instruments that used low audio frequencies did an RF carrier frequency is necessary.

History of Rife’s instruments and changes made

   There is some confusion about exactly what Dr. Rife did in the early years, from 1920 to about 1933.  This is because very little information has survived.  His lab notes detailing 26 conditions and their frequencies have been preserved.  The earliest information we have shows that he used frequencies ranging from the audio range to just over 17 MHz.  He used many different carrier frequencies at this time.  People are beginning to experiment with these frequencies and are claiming very good results.

   The operation of the Rife Ray #4 and the instruments that used audio frequencies built in late 1936 by Philip Hoyland and Beam Ray Corporation of the 1930’s as well as those built in the 1950’s by Life Labs are somewhat understood.  We will be looking at these instruments and how they worked. Much of the information we currently have has come from a 1950’s AZ-58 built from schematics and the only known original 1930’s Beam Ray instrument which has been repaired.  Using an oscilloscope, Philip Hoyland’s audio frequencies are now known and their correlation to the 1950’s instruments that also used audio frequencies.

   In order to follow the evolution of Rife technology, we will first examine the Rife Ray #4 that was built in 1935 and his earlier instrument that he used in 1934.  Then we’ll look at the 1930’s Beam Ray Corporation ray tube instrument followed by the ray tube and pad instruments built by Life Labs in the 1950’s.

 1935 Rife Ray #4 instrument

  1. Used a ray tube.

  2. Had two separate oscillators that produced 2 frequencies from 87,000 hertz to 22.5 MHz.

  3. Mixed two sine wave frequencies.  May have had a carrier frequency higher than 22.5 MHz.

  4. Power usage about 450 to 600 watts.  Output to the ray tube about 50 RF watts.

   The following information comes from the Beam Ray trial papers that are on Stan Truman's site www.rife.org and various other documents.  Anyone that wishes to can read these papers.  We will tell the story and quote from the various documents as necessary.  Philip Hoyland was hired by Dr. Milbank Johnson and the University of Southern California Special Medical Research Committee in 1935 to build a more up to date portable frequency instrument that could be used for research by doctors. Dr. Rife’s 1934 instrument was very cumbersome and almost filled a whole room.  In order to build this instrument Hoyland needed to know what frequencies Dr. Rife was using.  So he brought to Dr. Rife’s lab what we would call today an oscilloscope to read the frequencies.  Up until about 1933 there was no such instrument that could easily and accurately measure frequencies.  It was very difficult to read the correct frequencies prior to this time.

   Philip Hoyland had to know exactly what frequencies Dr. Rife was using in order to build the new instrument.  On the stand in the 1939 trial he stated this about the frequencies:  (Beam Ray trial papers www.rife.org)

  • Hoyland:  “They were taken off the last machine that was built by Dr. Rife.  I transferred them from one machine to another.” 

  • At another point during the trial the transcript reads as follows:

  • Comperet: “In June of 1935 was when you made an agreement with the [transcript missing words] medical research to build a Rife Ray machine, you did build it soon after that?”

  • Hoyland: “Yes.”

  • Comperet: “You had an agreement with them that all work was to be done under Dr. Rife’s direction?”

  • Hoyland: “That’s what the contract called for.”

  • Comperet: “Did you do this work without getting the frequencies from Dr. Rife?”

  • Hoyland: “I calibrated the machine according to the bacteria.”

  • Comperet: “What specifically did you do that constituted this recalibration?”

  • Hoyland: “I used a standard oscillator against his machine to see what frequencies he was using.”

  • Comperet: “He set his machine and you measured his frequencies?”

  • Hoyland: “Yes.”

  • Comperet: “Did you make any memorandum of these particular frequencies?”

  • Hoyland: “Yes, I gave Dr. Johnson and Dr. Rife a list of them.”

  • Later during the trial Dr. Rife was asked where the frequencies came from:

  • Judge Kelly: “When you constructed this Beam Ray machine you had a dial representing the frequencies or harmonics?
    Rife: “We had many dials on the original machine.”

  • Judge Kelly: “Is that the machine Mr. Hoyland got the frequencies from?”

  • Rife: “Yes, he took them off that old machine.”

   The frequencies that Hoyland read off of Dr. Rife’s instrument were different than the earlier lab note frequencies.  This has caused a lot of confusion.  Why were the frequencies different from his lab notes?  Hoyland said that Dr. Rife didn’t know exactly what frequencies he was using.  The problem was that back in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s it was very easy to read a harmonic frequency rather than the correct one.  It appears this is what Dr. Rife was doing.  Dr. Rife understood that he may not have true frequencies because he stated:

  • Rife: “I’ve talked to you [John Crane] and Vern [Vern Thompson] and other people too that there may be some of the frequencies that we are using that may be harmonics, you know.  Because when I check on that thing and look through that microscope hour after hour day after day, tuning that damn thing to find something that will kill that bug.  And every hour or half an hour, whatever is required, I put a new fresh culture under the microscope and keep that on and I find something that folds it up, alright!...It’s not an impossibility that some of those frequencies may be a harmonic.  We may not know the true frequencies of some of them.  But it does the business.  Maybe if we had the true frequency it would do it better because it has more power than a harmonic.”  (John Marsh Rife CDs - CD 7 track 2)

   Hoyland was able to accurately read the correct frequencies with the equipment he had brought with him to the lab.  It’s not that these earlier frequencies didn’t work, THEY DID!  But the frequencies that are on Rife’s lab notes must have been harmonics and not the fundamental frequencies. We now know from the trial why there were different frequencies.  Hoyland then built the Rife Ray #4 and it used the correct frequencies that he had read.  Dr. Rife said that sometimes it took months to find the frequency for just one organism.  When we think about this, it is not logical or even possible that in the space of  5 to 6 months Dr. Rife would go and look for new frequencies for the microorganisms when he believed he already had them.  Below are the Rife Ray #4 frequencies.

Actinomycosis (Streptothrix)
B. Coli (Rod form)
B. Coli (Filterable virus)
Bacillus X (Cancer carcinoma & sarcoma)
Spinal Meningitis
Staphylococcus Pyogenes Aureus
Staphylococcus Pyogenes Albus
Streptococcus Pyogenes
Tuberculosis (Rod)
Typhoid Fever (Rod form)
Typhoid Fever (Filter passing)

1934 Rife ray tube instrument

   We will now take a look at the frequencies from Dr. Rife’s lab notes.  Each lab note had two frequencies.  One was listed in cycles per second and the second was listed in meters.  The meter frequency has been converted to cycles per second or hertz.  As we said earlier Dr. Rife had two frequencies that were in the audio range and those are in bold in the lab note frequencies.  Even though Dr. Rife was working with John Crane and John Marsh with the AZ-58 instruments that used audio frequencies he still said his frequencies ranged from the audio band to the broadcast band of frequencies.  Here is his statement of the range of his frequencies from the John Marsh collection of Rife CDs:

  • Rife“Some of them are in the visible band, or I mean not only the visible band but, uh, band of frequencies audible to the human ear.  Some of them are way beyond either way.  They run through a very, very large gamut.  Some of them are very, very broad, long.  Some of them are...not extremely short.  There are none of them what we call our ultra short wave that I have found yet.  Well there’s many of them...we would, uh, classify in the ultrasonic band because they’re not visible [sic]  with the human ear.  They’re way beyond you know.  And some of them are even in the broadcast band.  Your cancer is very high.  You can’t hear it, the oscillation.  But now you take your T.B. [Tuberculosis].  Now that’s down.  A little more you see...if you don’t have an absolute coordinative resonance, you have nothing .  One tenth of one meter off and you have nothing.  Its got to be absolutely correct for that individual organism.  Its got to be precise...the virus of cancer has a certain frequency.  And it has to be there, otherwise if it’s a little one way or the other, no good, no good for nothing.”  (John Marsh Rife CDs - CD 5 track 2, CD 6 track 2 and CD 7 track 1)

 The Rife Ray #4 Frequencies that we have already listed and the lab note frequencies listed in the following list are within the range that Dr. Rife described.  The question we have to ask ourselves is if Rife’s frequencies were all in the audio band why would he have made these statements?

Rife’s lab note frequencies

Bacterium or Virus
Actinomycosis (Streptothrix)
Anthrax Symptomatic
B. Coli (Rod form)
B. Coli (Filterable virus)
Bacillus X & Y. Cancer
Bubonic Plague
Cholera Spirillum
Contagious Conjunctivitis
Spinal Meningitis
Staphylococcus Pyogenes Aureus
Staphylococcus Pyogenes Albus
Streptococcus Pyogenes
Syphilis (Treponema Pallidum)
Tuberculosis (Rod form)
Typhoid Fever (Rod form)
Typhoid Fever (Filter passing)
First Frequency In Hertz
Found in Rife’s papers
Second Frequency Meters To Hertz
(Audio Range) 16,655
(Audio Range) 15,779

   The Rife Ray #4 frequencies are the frequencies that were used in the 1934 Clinic.  How do we know that these frequencies were used in the 1934 clinic?  Because in the trial Hoyland and Rife said:

  • Hoyland: “They were taken off the last machine that was built by Dr. Rife.  I transferred them from one machine to another.”

And Dr. Rife said this at the trial:

  • Rife: “We had many dials on the original machine...Yes, he took them off that old machine.”  (Beam Ray trial papers www.rife.org)

   The Rife Ray #4 machine was the instrument he built after reading these frequencies.  Anyone looking at the #4 frequencies will notice that none of them are audio frequencies.  The lab note frequencies have only two audio frequencies and they were not used in any of the instruments of the 1937-39 Beam Ray Corporation or the 1950’s Life Labs instruments.

1937-39 Beam Ray Corporation instrument

  1. Used a ray tube.

  2. Used a single 4.6 MHz sine wave carrier frequency.

  3. Modulated sine wave audio frequencies onto the 4.6 MHz harmonic carrier frequency.

  4. Power usage about 450 watts.  Output to the ray tube about 50 RF watts.

   The next question is since the Rife Ray #4 didn’t use audio frequencies where did the audio frequencies used in the Beam Ray instruments come from?  In the 1939 Beam Ray trial we are told where they came from.  Philip Hoyland said that he found them.  Here is the trial testimony given by Rife and Hoyland:

  • Comperet: “Has the Plaintiff ever informed you that the machines that he designed and built for the Beam Ray were not operating on the same frequencies as your own?”

  •  Rife: “They were supposed to be operating on the same…with harmonics.”

Philip Hoyland when he was on the stand was asked:

  • Comperet: “I understand that you say that the frequencies used in the machines put out by the corporation were not set to the same frequencies as Dr. Rife’s machines [Rife Ray #4].”

  • Hoyland: “That is correct.”

  • Comperet: “Then it was during the period between September and November that you told Edwards at his home that the machines you were building were not putting out the same frequencies as Dr. Rife’s machines?”

  • Hoyland: “Yes.”

  • Comperet: “How did you explain that?”

  • Hoyland: “In the summer of 1936 I designed a new machine, or rather I checked it there at the lab [The Beam Ray instrument that used audio frequencies].  I had designed it in Pasadena, and we tested it out then and the frequencies were not the same as on Dr. Rife’s machine.”

  • Comperet: “Did you tell him how great the difference it was?”

  • Hoyland: “I explained that there was quite a fundamental difference.”

When Edwards was on the stand he said this:

  • Comperet: “Did Mr. Hoyland tell you at any time in the fall of last year that the machines he was manufacturing for Beam Ray corporation operated on a principle fundamentally different from Dr. Rife’s machine?

  • Edwards: “Mr. Hoyland told me at one time that Dr. Rife thought that he had the frequencies but he didn’t have them.”  (Beam Ray trial papers www.rife.org)

   There are some good reasons why Hoyland built the instruments the way he did.  Rife and Hoyland became partners in Beam Ray Corporation in 1937. Rife had 45% ownership and Hoyland had 55%.  Hoyland was worried about keeping the frequencies secret because he felt that people would steal their invention (This concern of Hoyland’s was not unfounded because Parsons of the British Group did try to steal their invention).  From the trial we learn they had no way to patent the instrument because everything they were doing was in public domain.  Hoyland felt that he had to come up with a way to keep anyone from finding out what the true frequencies were.  So he built the instruments using audio frequencies.  But he also built those instruments using gating and a harmonic carrier frequency. It was the interaction of the sine wave audio frequencies and the harmonic carrier frequency along with the gating that made them work (more about this later).  Benjamin Cullen said Philip Hoyland spent allot of time at the lab.  In Cullen’s taped interview he said this:

  • Cullen“Philip Hoyland was in there quite a lot...Hoyland developed some few items in the lab...Hoyland seemed to help quite a lot and he got into the bacteriology side with Rife a good deal because Rife had so much to work out...he finally got to the point where he [Rife] had to delegate some of the work.”  (John Marsh Rife CDs, CD 6 track 1)

   From the trial we learn Hoyland developed and tested his instrument in the lab.  How could Hoyland have tested it unless he put micro-organisms under the microscope?  From both Cullen and Hoyland’s testimony it is clear Hoyland designed and built these instruments and found the audio frequencies that were used in them.  From the trial papers we learn that Hoyland didn’t tell Rife what frequencies he was using in the instruments.  Rife thought that the instruments were using his frequencies (the frequencies used in the Rife Ray #4) but with harmonics.  Hoyland built these instruments using audio frequencies, harmonics and gating.  Hoyland told many of the other owners of the corporation that the instruments were not using Rife’s frequencies.  Dr. Rife eventually found out about this and was very unhappy that the instruments were not working on his frequencies and principles. He Stated this:

  • Rife: “I spoke only Friday evening to a Mr. John Chamblin, a radio man now connected with Beam Rays inc., about the redesign and building of a device according to the old Rife Ray principles; as the present instrument has been so deviated away from that old principle that it is nowhere near the same...those devices which you have are merely working on a harmonic and not a true frequency; and in our research on electronics, we definitely know that there is no possible way of controlling electrical harmonics of a frequency.”   (Rife to Gonin letter May 14, 1939)

   From the Beam Ray trial we have now learned where the audio frequencies came from.  These audio frequency instruments that Hoyland built seemed to work very well.  In fact the doctors that used them reported astounding results on the patients they used them on.  But the fact still remains these audio frequencies that were used in these instruments were not Rife’s, nor discovered by him.  There has been a lot of controversy about whether Rife used audio frequencies in his early instruments.  The fact is he did.  While looking through his microscope he found two audio frequencies for killing micro-organisms.  These two audio frequencies were listed on his lab notes.  But it was Hoyland and not Rife who found the other audio frequencies used in the 1930’s Beam Ray instruments.  Hoyland’s frequencies were lowered by a factor of 10 and used in the 1950’s AZ-58 ray tube audio instruments and the pad instruments

   We will discuss the lowering of the frequencies later when we look at the 1950s instruments.  These audio frequencies have been attributed to Dr. Rife and this is what has caused all the confusion over the past 30 or 40 years.  They have also been attributed to John Crane.  Now for the final proof.  Below are the audio frequencies that were found by Philip Hoyland and used in the 1930’s Beam Ray Corporation instruments.  The credit for re-discovering these frequencies, which were taken from an original Beam Ray instrument, should be given to Aubrey Scoon and the British Rife Group.  Information about the instrument and its frequencies can be found at http://www.scoon.co.uk/Electrotherapy/Rife/BeamRay/.

BX (carcinoma)
BY (sarcoma)
Tuberculosis (rod form)
Tuberculosis (virus)
B. Coli (filterable virus)
Typhoid Virus
Typhoid Fever (rod form)
B. Coli (rod form)

   On the John Marsh collection of Rife audio CDs Dr. Couche makes some interesting comments. He was present at the 1934 clinic sponsored by Dr. Johnson and the University of Southern California where 16 terminally ill patients who had cancer and tuberculosis were treated.  Dr. Couche said this about the frequencies used on the patients: 

  • Dr. Couche: “They gave him a treatment of the Rife frequencies which are in the auditory band.”  (John Marsh Rife CDs - CD 3 track 1)   

   This interview took place 20 years after the 1934 clinic ended.  We now know that audio frequencies were not used in the 1934 clinic but were discovered in late 1936 by Hoyland.  It is apparent that Dr. Couche was getting the Beam Ray Hoyland instruments mixed up with the earlier high frequency instruments built in 1936.  Couche bought an instrument in early 1936.  He also bought 3 instruments that used audio frequencies from Beam Ray Corporation, so it would be easy to get things mixed up. The instrument bought in 1936 would have been patterned after the Rife Ray #4 instrument.  Twelve of these instruments were built in 1936.  These instruments had no band or switch settings on them.  The #4 instrument had switch settings numbering from 1 to 10 covering a frequency range from 87,000 hertz to 22.5 MHz (Megahertz). It could output 2 frequencies at the same time.  These 12 instruments most likely covered a frequency range from about 87,000 hertz to 2 MHz and also output 2 frequencies at the same time.  In this range (100,000 hertz to 2MHz) they would not need any band or switch settings. The original #4 was a clinical instrument and that is why it had such a high frequency range.  The 12 that were built in 1936 and used by doctors would not have needed to operate any higher than about 2 MHz because the highest frequency used on a microorganism was 1,604,000 cycles.  What the carrier frequency was is not known but it would have been at least 3 or 4 MHz.

   The instrument in the photo on the left was Dr. Couche’s instrument that he bought in 1936.  You can see the two frequency dials that made it so that they could run two frequencies at the same time.  This was a unique characteristic of the instruments patterned after the #4.  This instrument of Dr. Couche’s was purchased by Dr. Tully in 1952. On the John Marsh Rife CDs, Dr. Rife and Dr. Tully talk about the double bubble tube and how it was all dark inside. Dr. Rife told Dr. Tully that this tube was the best ray tube he ever had.  Rife said he used this ray tube for over sixteen years.  If you look closely at the photo on the left you will see how dark the ray tube was.

   The photo on the right is of the 1939 Beam Ray Corporation instrument.  This instrument used Hoyland’s audio frequencies.  It only output 1 audio frequency at a time and this is why it only has one big frequency knob in between the two smaller knobs.  The smaller knobs change the amplitude and the frequency band settings.  The 1950’s ray tube instruments were patterned after these instruments but with some changes.

1950’s Life Labs ray tube instrument

  1. Used a ray tube.

  2. Could change between 2.2 and 4.8 MHz sine wave carrier frequency.

  3. Modulated square wave audio frequencies onto a sine wave carrier frequency. 

  4. Power usage about 460 watts.  Output to the ray tube about 60 RF watts.

   Some of the following information comes from the John Marsh collection of Rife audio CDs.  In 1950 John Crane met Dr. Rife and in 1952-53 he met John Marsh.  Marsh became John Crane’s supervisor at Convair Aeronautics when Marsh moved from Tucson, Arizona to California.  Marsh’s wife had cancer and they were not able to help her in Tucson so the doctors recommended that he take her to San Diego for specialized care.  Marsh and Crane became friends.  Crane told Marsh about Dr. Rife and so they went to see him.  Dr. Rife gave them an old Beam Ray instrument which they had Vern Thompson repair.  They used this instrument on Marsh’s wife and after several treatments Marsh said the cancer was cured.  Here are John Marsh’s statements made in 1976 and 1986:

  • Marsh: (1976) “I met this Rife.  I said Dr. Rife, I said, my name is John Marsh, I’ve got a wife that’s dying.  She’s got cancer of the uterus.”  Rife said: “I won’t touch that thing with a 20 yard pole.”

After some discussion Rife said:

  • Rife: “I have an old instrument down here in the basement.” 

  • Marsh: “I dug up that old instrument and of course it had tubes in it, antique stuff, and so I rebuilt the darn thing.”  (John Marsh Rife CDs, CD 10 track 1)

  • Marsh: (1986) “I went to see him [Dr. Rife], and I talked with him and he said he didn’t want to have any part of it...I said look, I got a wife that’s dying and I need your help!  And so I got him out of his cocoon, so to speak, and we took an old instrument and rebuilt it.  And I treated my wife and by darn all the pain left her and she got well.” In another part of the tape he said:  “I discovered that this Dr. Rife was a very great individual...I told John [Crane], I said look if we have any of those old instruments laying around loose, let’s rejuvenate one of them and see if we can get my wife well.  Well Vern Thompson who was with the San Diego police department radios, uh, radio expert, uh, had built some instruments and they were antiques when I saw them.”  (John Marsh Rife CDs, CD 2 track 3)

   Marsh and Crane then decided they would like to work with Dr. Rife and try and get the frequency instruments built and back into doctor’s hands to help people who were suffering from many incurable diseases.  From earlier quotes we learned that Vern Thompson had in the 1930’s worked on Dr. Yale’s Beam Ray Corporation instruments.  He knew these instruments inside and out and this is why Marsh and Crane had him repair the instrument that Dr. Rife gave them.  Vern Thompson also knew the frequencies these Hoyland instruments used.  From Rife’s deposition we learn that he and Vern Thompson gave Crane the frequencies in 1950.  Dr. Rife did not approve of Hoyland’s instrument so he would have given him the Rife Ray #4 frequencies and possibly the lab note frequencies.  On the John Marsh Rife CDs Henry Siner reads from a lab note that was for the BX cancer virus. The frequency that he read was 1,604,000 cycles per second for the BX and this also confirms the frequency used in the #4 instrument.  So it is clear that Dr. Rife had given him his frequencies, not Hoyland’s.  Crane eventually received almost all of Rife’s information and equipment.

   For some unknown reason Rife, Crane and Marsh started building instruments that used audio frequencies.  It may have been that they were the easiest to build because they already had a working Beam Ray instrument, or maybe it was because they had worked so well for the doctors in the 1930’s. Hoyland’s instrument had achieved incredible results.  The underlying technology was still Dr. Rife’s. He had discovered this technology and Hoyland had built an instrument that used harmonics to get to Dr. Rife’s fundamental frequencies that he had used in the Rife Ray #4 instrument.  Because of the results of these doctors, Dr. Rife must have relented enough to at least give them a thorough test.  It really doesn’t matter. Whatever the reason was they built audio frequency instruments.  For some reason they also changed Hoyland’s instrument to make their own.  Hoyland had used a harmonic carrier frequency.

   Rife did not like the harmonics and had openly expressed in letters his dislike for them.  John Crane said that the first instrument they built didn’t work and it took a few years to get it to work.  Let’s take a logical look at the changes they made.  When they changed the harmonic carrier frequency in the instrument to a non-harmonic carrier frequency and took out the gating the sine wave audio frequencies wouldn’t work anymore.  The audio frequencies are not true M.O.R.s (M.O.R. Stands for mortal oscillatory rate.  Dr. Rife said this is the frequency that kills the organism).  We know that the Rife Ray #4 frequencies were the true M.O.R.s.  Hoyland’s instrument needed a harmonic carrier frequency to work.  All the audio frequencies used in Hoyland’s instrument were to interact with the harmonic carrier and gating to produce the true M.O.R.s. It most likely took them a little while to figure out why the instrument didn’t work.  This explains why it took a few years to get the instrument they were building to work.  The only way to get the harmonics back without changing the carrier frequency back to a harmonic carrier was to put harmonics into the audio frequencies.  A square wave audio frequency would do this and this why they changed from sine wave to square wave.

   The next thing that was changed was the frequencies. Rife, Crane and Marsh lowered Hoylands frequencies by a factor of 10.  Marsh said they came up with the frequencies using mathematics. Surely they had the frequencies of Hoyland’s instrument.  Vern Thompson knew what frequencies Hoyland’s instrument used and would have given those audio frequencies to Rife, Crane and Marsh.  Once you change the frequencies from sine to square wave you can lower them because of the harmonics the square wave frequencies produce.  So it is logical to assume that they just lowered Hoyland’s frequencies and used them in the AZ-58.  There are only a few variations in the frequencies and these adjustments may have been necessary in order to get them to work.  Most people have felt that the lower audio frequencies were John Crane’s invention.  The facts have shown that they were Hoyland’s lowered by 10 times.  Others have felt that Crane took advantage of Dr. Rife and did his own thing.  This may be true in some things that took place later on in the 1970’s and 80’s but the evidence does not support this in the 1950’s and early 1960’s.  Here is a quote from the Marsh Ohio and Gonin papers that are on www.rife.org under the John Marsh paperwork.  Dr. Rife, Marsh and Crane were talking at great length about his trip to Ohio to see Dr. Stafford.  In the Gonin papers they talked about the frequencies.  I would recommend that everyone read these papers because they show that Rife, Crane and Marsh worked as a team and that Marsh and Crane considered the AZ-58 instrument to be Rife’s instrument.

  • Rife: “Well I have lived my life for the benefit of humanity, and it is the end result of the accomplishment.”

  • Marsh: “Yes, now here is what I did tell them.  They wondered where I fit into the picture.  I told them I had lay outs at the base, I designed part of it.  You would say that I was possibly not an exactly an inventor, but I think we are all co-inventors of a sort by adding what we think would make the instrument better and if they try to validified (verify) any of the statements that I have said to them please don’t let me down, and say no this isn’t so, which might upset what might be the truth to them.  I mean just by accident.  Now what I mean by that is this.  I don’t think that I have in my own right lied to them.  I did [didn’t] try to impress them with the idea that I was the one that did it.  I did impress that you [Rife], John Crane and myself had worked together on this thing, but that you [Rife] were inventor and John [Crane] was the designer and inventor, co-inventor and myself for putting this thing together and making it.  They asked if I helped putting this thing together and making it from time to time.  I couldn’t tell them that I didn’t, because if I had built up a feeling in them that I knew nothing about what I was doing; psychologically that could have torn down, or have caused delay the foundation that now is laid.  Now I think we have a solid footing there.  I under no circumstances would want that torn down, and I will not under any circumstances accept the credit for this instrument as being invented, because it is Rife’s instrument as printed on the plate in front and that is one of the reasons in building you up to them, which I don’t think is unwarranted; not by a darn sight, and that is why they want you there.  They want to hear you talk, and they also want to know your past experiences with the people of La Jolla and also I was very happy to have received the paper concerning the Dr. etc., because I’m sure Stafford will contact every blooming Dr. that you had given him to me and I turned over all the letters to him, because I didn’t want anything to stand in the way if he could contact him, now whether he would do that, before he would talk to  the group, and I do not know.  I suppose he will, but he wants the truth as badly as you do.  Now I don't know an easier way it can be done.  I don't think there is going to be an easy way to get it on, but I think I’ve outlined this thing.  I studied the moves I was going to make before I ever went there.  I studied what I was going to do if I had the opportunity to do so, which I did.”

  • Rife: “Well I think that you did a very excellent job.”  (John Marsh collection - Trip to Ohio papers pages 4 & 5. www.rife.org)

And in the Marsh Gonin papers we read:

  • Crane: “So the frequencies [audio] we have written down.  I will give you those or Rife will give them to you.  I think you ought to have them.  Each one [organism] has a different frequency, you see.  I don’t remember any of them off-hand.  I should memorize them all, but I haven’t yet.  I’ve just written them down and they are in the lab.”

  • Gonin: “Those frequencies that you have written down, would only apply to your own machine [AZ-58], wouldn’t it?”

  • Crane: “That is because they have been calibrated for each machine.  Each machine has its own calibration.”

  • Gonin: “And that’s constant?”

  • Crane: “Yes.”   (John Marsh collection - Gonin and Siner papers page 15. www.rife.org)

   When you read these documents the facts stand out that all three of them knew the frequencies and they were not Crane’s invention.  Marsh and Crane considered the instrument to be Dr. Rife’s.  Rife also had a plaque on the front of the instrument with his name on it.  It is also clear from Marsh’s papers that Dr. Rife was not on the sidelines but was a full partner in Life Labs. He fully knew how the instrument worked and was as hopeful as both Crane and Marsh that it would work using audio frequencies.  But when Rife was asked about the frequencies in about 1957 he said that they were from the audio band to the broadcast band of frequencies.  This tells us that he was still reserving his final decision about the audio frequencies until after the instrument was fully tested.  Dr. Rife said he never fooled himself and I don’t believe that he did on this AZ-58 instrument.

   Anyone who reads the documents from this time can tell that there were a lot of high hopes for this instrument.  Now the real question is how well did it work.  There were a lot of good reports on how well the instrument worked but what really counts is how well it worked in the hands of the doctors that used it on their patients.  Dr. Stafford used the AZ-58 for 5 years on his patients.  His report is on www.rife.org with the John Marsh documents.  His report is very favorable on many conditions that he used it for but when it came to cancer this instrument did not work as well as Hoyland’s instrument.  Dr. Stafford said this about the AZ-58 audio frequency instrument:

  • Dr. Stafford: “As yet, we have failed to “cure” any case of advanced, terminal malignancy.  It appears in several instances that we may have impressed the disease favorably, temporarily.  It is difficult to rule out the psychological, morale booster effect to the terminal patient when some definitive effort is made again in his behalf.  However, several improvements have appeared to be more physical than emotional...All the patients in the series were treated with the same frequencies (e.g., 728 - 784 - 880 - 2008 - 2128).  Perhaps these frequencies may be wrong, or only nearly correct.”  (John Marsh collection - Dr. Stafford’s report on using the AZ-58. www.rife.org)

   Everyone that has been around Rife technology for a long time has seen the very same results as Dr. Stafford.  The question is why did Philip Hoyland’s audio instrument work so much better than the AZ-58 when it came to cancer?  It appears they should have built the AZ-58 exactly the same as Hoyland’s machine and not taken the gating and harmonics out of the carrier frequency.  The combination of the sine wave audio frequencies with the harmonic carrier frequency plus the gating in his instrument made it work.  Hoyland was trying to keep the true frequencies secret.  If someone just read the audio frequencies and thought they had the true M.O.R. frequencies they would be mistaken.  The instrument had to be built exactly the way Hoyland built it to work.  This unique way of building the instrument accomplished what he wanted to do and that was to keep anyone from finding out what the true M.O.R.s. were.  As we have already read Dr. Stafford came to suspect that the audio frequencies were not true M.O.R.s and wrote a letter to Dr. Edward Jeppson in Salt Lake City because Dr. Jeppson was having the same type of results Dr. Stafford was having.  Here is his statement from his letter:

  • Dr. Stafford: “Please excuse my format in the following letter for I intend to ramble a bit and forget strict grammatical dictum.  I am writing you at this time partially because John Marsh informs me in a recent letter that you may be somewhat disheartened or at least worried about your role in the experimentations with the Rife Machine.  Believe me, Dr. Edward I know how you feel for I too have been through this same feeling with this matter.  I have observed clinical results after treatments with this gadget which I can scarcely believe myself.  Yet, despite these good results, I have been confused by some rather simple failures such as a recent experiment which I conducted at Good Samaritan Hospital where we used the machine to treat some cultures of Staph Aureus and Strept. Fecalis.  In this work we failed to inhibit growth at all or influence the cultures with the Rife Rx.  I sent the results to John Marsh and asked for clarification and to be very frank I am not satisfied with John’s excuse of the failure as described by Dr. Rife.  I am afraid I’m not a very good apostle for I’m getting some ideas myself on how this thing may work.  I really wonder if this ultrasonic kill’s bacteria and virus at all or does it work like other forms of ultrasonic and merely stimulate the tissue in some unusual manner thereby improving the circulation and secondarily enhancing the bodies defenses against infection…To summarize some of this rambling: I feel that the Rife Ultrasonic Therapy has a very definitely beneficial effect on the human (and canine) body...I furthermore feel that we, as doctors of medicine, using this machine must remain constantly alert to the condition of our patient and vary the Rx as indicated...Let me hear from you Dr. Jeppson.  How are your cases coming along.

   Clearly Dr. Stafford didn’t believe that the audio frequencies were correct.  Little did he know they weren’t even close to the true frequencies. The Rife Ray #4 frequencies were the correct ones and the AZ-58 could not output these frequencies.  Whatever was told to Dr. Stafford by Dr. Rife through John Marsh there was no way that they were going to tell Dr. Stafford he wasn’t using the correct frequencies.  This would ruin everything that they had worked for.  Besides they were testing the AZ-58 to see how well it would work using audio frequencies.  At this time it is apparent the AZ-58 was not performing as well as Hoyland’s instrument.  We need to remember Hoyland tested his instrument using Dr. Rife’s microscope.  When Henry Siner was in England testing Hoyland’s instrument he reported that it would kill the organisms while they were looking at them under Rife’s microscope.  Dr. Stafford found out the AZ-58 was not capable of doing this.  In the 1950’s  Rife no longer had a lab for testing any microorganisms.

   They were not able to test the AZ-58 frequencies properly with the microscope.  So they did the only thing they could.  They let the doctors use it and tell them how well it worked.  We must remember the first instrument that Rife gave to Marsh and Crane was Hoyland’s and it worked.  It cured Marsh’s wife of cancer.  Again the fact is the AZ-58 never worked as well as Hoyland’s instrument.  How Hoyland came up with his idea to built his instrument and make it work is still not fully understood.  The changes made to Hoyland’s instrument to produce the AZ-58 were not good changes.  These changes did not produce the same results as Hoyland’s instrument.  But still even with the changes the AZ-58 worked very well on just about everything else but cancer.  These lower square wave audio frequencies are what people have been using for the past 50 years believing they were Rife’s true M.O.R.s.  Until the Beam Ray trial papers, John Marsh papers and the Beam Ray instrument of Hoyland’s came to light we did not have the ability to finally figure out where all these frequencies came from.  And which frequencies were the true M.O.R.s.  Not withstanding the various setbacks Dr. Stafford was still amazed at the wonderful results he achieved with the AZ-58.  Below are the frequencies that were used in the AZ-58 by Dr. Stafford:

BX (carcinoma)
BY (sarcoma)
Tuberculosis (rod form)
Tuberculosis Virus
B. Coli (filterable virus)
Typhoid Virus
Typhoid Fever (rod form)
B. Coli (rod form)
2127 or 2128

What are harmonics and how do they work?

   We have talked a lot about harmonics of frequencies but have not explained what they are and how they work.  All frequencies produce harmonics. Depending on the wave form they can produce a few harmonics or a lot of harmonics.  Any frequency, when using a square wave, can produce infinite harmonics if you have infinite power.  Of course this is impossible.  Some instruments may have 1 watt and others 50 or 100 watts of power.  So the limit of the harmonics is based on the power that you have.  A simple way to understand harmonics is to think of a pebble thrown into a pool of water.  Think of the pebble as the frequency and the ripples as harmonics.  Each ripple gets weaker the further away it gets from where the pebble was thrown into the pool.  So harmonics of frequencies also get weaker as they go further up or down from the main frequency.  Square wave frequencies have the greatest harmonics and this is most likely why they were used in the 1950’s instruments.

   Dr. Rife’s true M.O.R. or frequency for cancer was 1,604,000 cycles per second or 1.604 megahertz.  Dr. Rife said on the John Marsh CDs that harmonics are in 4ths, 8ths, 16ths, 32nds, 64ths and so on.  Notice that the harmonics go in even numbers.  If you have a frequency of 2 hertz (2 cycles per second) your first harmonic is 4 hertz and the next one after that is 8 hertz, then 16 hertz.  The harmonics will keep going up in this manner infinitely as long as you have the power to drive the harmonics.  Hoyland built his instrument to work on harmonics so that no one would know the true frequencies.  So the audio frequencies were not true M.O.R.s.

   In all cases these audio frequencies were not even true harmonics of  Rife’s true M.O.R.s.  Hoyland designed his instrument to work in such a way that it was the interaction of the sine wave frequencies with the harmonic carrier and the gating that produced true harmonic frequencies.  He must have used some mathematical computations in order to build his instrument.  But no one knows what those computations were.

   Now we come to the 1950’s instruments.  These audio frequencies used in the AZ-58 were not true M.O.R. frequencies either. They did not even produce true harmonics because they were Hoyland’s frequencies lowered.  The AZ-58 was not built like Hoyland’s instrument and had no capability to produce the true harmonics of the Rife Ray #4 frequencies.  Why then do these audio frequencies which are not even true harmonics work on so many different ailments?  Maybe it is because of the ripples in the pool that we described earlier.  This is the only possible way these audio frequencies could work as well as they did on everything but cancer.

   To get the harmonics of a frequency all you have to do is divide the frequency by 2 over and over until you get to the audio range of frequencies.  The true M.O.R. frequency for cancer was 1,604,000 hertz and the true audio frequency harmonic is 1566.4 not 2128.  The other frequency used for cancer in the AZ-58 was 2008 and it’s also not a true harmonic of 1,604,000 hertz.  As you can see the frequencies are off as Dr. Stafford suspected.  Another problem was the accuracy of the instruments built back in the 1950’s.  Dr. Stafford had to regularly calibrate them to keep them on frequency and mentioned this problem to Rife, Crane and Marsh.

   As mentioned you can only drive harmonics of a lower frequency to a higher frequency as long as you have enough power.  When you take the frequency of 1566.4 hertz and try and drive the harmonics of that frequency to 1,604,000 hertz or cycles per second it is all but impossible to do.  One million six hundred and four thousand cycles per second is the 10th harmonic of 1566.4.  In reality this is the 10th ripple in the pool of water and this is why it is almost impossible to get this frequency to work on cancer.  Power is the problem with the 10th harmonic.  Every harmonic only has about half the power of the one it came from.  For a very simple illustration, if we had an instrument that output 50 watts of power we would divide 50 by 2.  This would give us the power of the first harmonic which is 25 watts.  The second only has 12.5 watts. The third only has 6.25 watts.  By the 10th harmonic you only have .09 watts of power.  If you had an instrument that output 300 watts (which is far more power than what Dr. Rife considered safe) it would only be .29 watts of power at the 10th harmonic.  This is a very simple description, but it shows what we are up against when we use harmonic audio frequencies rather than the fundamental frequencies or M.O.R.S.  Anyone can understand if you use the true M.O.R.s. you’re going to be far better off and have a better chance of success.

Life Labs1950’s pad instrument (without ray tube)

  1. Used round disks that came in contact with the body.  Later changed in the 1960’s to hand      cylinders or foot pads.

  2. Had no RF carrier frequency.

  3. Used the square wave audio frequencies used in the AZ-58.

   It was about 1957 when, John Crane and John Marsh began building instruments without a ray tube.  Earlier in this article Comperet was quoted as saying:

  • Comperet: “Now, Crane said “Well now look, Rife himself admits that no matter how much tube and ray, and so on, you have, you can’t get any results unless you’ve got the right frequency.  Therefore the real clue to the thing is the frequency and not the means by which you deliver it.”  (Comperet interview papers - 1970’s)

   Crane and Marsh replaced the ray tube with a type of pad that they developed which came in contact with the body.  From the documented information we have it was the high cost of building ray tube instruments that caused them to look at doing things a different way.  In addition to being expensive to build, the ray tube could break very easily.  They had many problems with them.  I don’t believe Rife ever had a reason to look at doing things differently.  Crane and Marsh did!  They didn’t have the kind of money to spend that Rife did.  Necessity is the mother of invention!

   Crane and Marsh used a Heathkit function generator to produce the frequencies.  These Heathkit  function generators had no built in carrier frequency on which to modulate the audio frequencies.  Therefore, the carrier frequency was no longer used.  Though Crane and Marsh achieved great results with these instruments, they did not use a carrier frequency.  What would have been the results if they had used these audio frequencies with a carrier frequency?  From what we have previously discussed in this article, the carrier frequency was very important.  Rife would never have approved of using an instrument without a carrier.  The positive part of using a Heathkit function generator in this way was that they were inexpensive ($200) and a lot more people could afford one.  For this we owe John Crane and John Marsh a great measure of gratitude.  Crane and Marsh proved that the frequencies worked the same whether applied through a ray tube or pads.

   Many people think that Crane and Marsh built the pad instrument without Dr. Rife being fully informed about it.  This  was not the case.  In John Marsh’s trip to Ohio papers we read this:

  • Rife: “That is the only way that it can be handled properly.”

  • Marsh: “Maybe we can sell small instruments for the purpose of small diseases like colds, flu and stuff like that, which are minor, which the Dr.s prefer not treating those kind anyway, because they are chronic, and there isn’t anything they can do with them.  People keep coming in and coming in and they take up his time where he could spend it taking care of a bad case, or something or other.  Dr. Stafford said that he would prefer that a small instrument would be made...What do you think John?  I've been doing a lot of talking not even giving you a chance to get a word in edgewise.”

  • Crane: “There is no doubt there is going to be an awful lot of development on this design…”  John Marsh collection - Trip to Ohio papers page 10. www.rife.org)

   From these statements we learn that Dr. Rife knew that they wanted to build small instruments.  Also we learn that it was Marsh and Crane’s idea to build the pad instruments and not Rife’s.  We know that Rife was upset with Crane over some of his changes because he expressed it to Comperet during his 1961 deposition.  Comperet said: 

  • Comperet: “And I asked Rife, because I thought Rife would certainly say that the way Crane was working on it then was still using the Rife principle, but he indignantly denied it.”  (Comperet interview papers - 1970’s)   

   At this time Crane and Marsh were working on both the ray tube instrument and the pad instrument.  We know that Dr. Rife considered the ray tube instrument his, so it must have been the pad instruments without a carrier frequency that he was upset with.  Let’s face the facts.  Dr. Rife didn’t like Hoyland’s audio instrument at first.  But with Crane and Marsh he built the AZ-58 to see how well it would work and put his name on it.  Crane and Marsh built the pad instrument and Rife didn’t like it.  Now after some 40 years of use and the wonderful results that people have been getting with this type of instrument, maybe Dr. Rife, if he were alive today, would approve of it.  Marsh and Crane’s innovation with a pad instrument did prove that the ray tube could be removed and still produce the same results as long as you have sufficient power.  This made it possible for more people to have access to Rife’s technology.  Today all the frequencies which Rife found to kill microorganisms can be produced by any function generator with the proper frequency range

   Crane and Marsh made one mistake with these pad instruments.  Because the Heathkit function generator that they used didn’t have a Megahertz (MHz) carrier frequency they didn’t use one.  Rife and Hoyland’s instruments used some kind of carrier frequency.  Audio frequencies will not broadcast; therefore, they are modulated upon the carrier frequency so that they will penetrate the body where they can devitalize microorganisms.  In laymen’s terms, modulation is piggy-backing one or more low frequencies on another higher frequency.  The frequencies travel together but still remain separate and distinct.  Many instruments built today do not use a carrier frequency even though Dr. Rife’s did.  If Rife could have removed the carrier frequencies from his instrument and gotten the same results, I believe he would have.  As it is, Dr. Rife never removed the carrier frequency from any of his instruments.  If a person wants to try and get the results that Rife had then a carrier frequency should be used.

   We realize that there are ray tube instruments today that do not use a carrier frequency. These use a High Electromagnetic field which will transfer the energy into the body.  They appear to work very well.  We are not trying to upset these manufacturers either.  And we do not doubt that these instruments work.  We know people that are using these instrument and getting incredible results. But what we are talking about in this article is the way in which Dr. Rife used a carrier frequency.

   Some people say that audio frequencies in a pad instrument without a carrier will only travel along the skin of the body and won’t penetrate it.  In scientific studies on Bioelectric Impedance Analysis in the body it has been shown that audio frequencies will enter the body but will only travel in the connective tissues around the cells.  Also in these scientific studies it has been shown that the closer you get to 1 megahertz the greater the penetration into the cell.  At 1 megahertz the frequency will go straight through the cell and fully penetrate the body.  This is why it is so important that a carrier frequency be used.  A virus can enter a cell.  Audio frequencies without the carrier will only work in the connective tissues but with a carrier frequency the audio frequencies can enter the cell where the virus is located. These kind of scientific studies and their importance were not understood by John Crane and John Marsh in the 1950’s and 1960’s.  Rife’s instruments always used a carrier frequency.


   In summary, with all the historical information that has now come out in the past few years we finally know the truth about which frequencies were Rife’s true M.O.R.s. and where the audio frequencies came from.  It was the release of the John Marsh information from Marsh’s nurse to AAA Production;  the Beam Ray trial papers from the Rife Research Group of Canada;  and the purchase and analyzing of the Beam Ray instrument by Aubrey Scoon and the British Rife group that made this possible.  Up until now it has been impossible to figure out where the audio frequencies came from and which frequencies were used in the 1934 clinic.  We hope that this information will be helpful.  As more information comes out we will update this article as necessary.

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